About Us

Applied Perception & Psychophysics LaboratorY (APPLY)

Our lab is in the Psychology Department at the University of Toronto Mississauga. We study visual perception and its application to real-world problems. The lab is run by Dr. Benjamin Wolfe and Dr. Anna Kosovicheva, housing their specific research programs, and takes a use-inspired approach to vision science and cognitive psychology research, looking to the world for problems that can benefit from a vision science approach and that can, in turn, tell us about how visual perception works. Research areas include:

See our research page
eye chart
Mayerle's eye test chart (US National Library of Medicine)
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Lab News

May 18, 2024

See our lab's posters from the Vision Sciences Society meeting this year:

  • The effects of variable fonts on sentence-level reading
  • Did you look at the moose? Driver gaze behaviour while searching for hazards in dynamic road scenes
  • Follow the Dot: Do we have implicit awareness of our own eye movements?
  • August 31, 2023

    Dr Wolfe was interviewed by the Toronto Star as an expert on visual perception and road safety regarding a redesigned intersection at Bloor and St. George in downtown Toronto.

    June 12, 2023

    The APPLY lab was busy at Vision Sciences Society this year! See our 2023 conference posters:

  • Where was the moose? The time course of dynamic road scene perception
  • When should you warn the driver about the moose?: The effect of auditory cue timing on hazard localization in naturalistic videos
  • Reducing the low-prevalence effect: Does similarity search translate to binary decisions?
  • Psychophysics of variable fonts: Gaze measures of reading efficiency
  • Psychophysics of variable fonts: Speed and comprehension measures
  • Individual differences in gaze behavior: Comparing high-level and sensory contributions
  • June 6, 2022

    See our lab's posters from Vision Sciences Society 2022: Spatial Heterogeneity in Localization Biases Predicts Crowding Performance and Effects of Blur on Duration Thresholds for Road Hazard Detection

    Feb 1, 2022

    Our lab was recently featured in U of T news! Read the article here: Simple vehicle warning systems as effective as more complex ones

    October 1, 2021

    The fall semester is underway! We wrapped up a busy summer of conference presentations at the Vision Sciences Society and SmartiGras at UTM. We are also recruiting graduate students to start in Fall 2022.